Inspiration by botanicaxu.jpg
Stormlight Decal Swords.svg

Spren

From La Coppermind
Jump to navigation Jump to search

La Coppermind tiene spoilers de todos los trabajos publicados de Brandon. La información sobre libros que aún no se han publicado, como las novelas secretas que se publicarán en 2023, está permitida solo en páginas muy específicas. Para obtener más detalles, consulta nuestra política de spoilers. Para ver una versión anterior de la wiki sin spoilers de un libro, ve a Máquina del tiempo

Este artículo está en proceso de traducción. Por favor, sigan circulando.


Spren
Spren by Marie Seeberger.jpg
Tipo Astilla
Capacidades Vínculos Nahel, Fabriales, Formas cantoras
Racional Algunos
Mundo Roshar
Universo Cosmere
Aparece en El archivo de las tormentas
Parece que esta página necesita actualizarse con nueva información de El ritmo de la guerra!
¡Ten cuidado! Es posible que en su estado, no contenga toda la información adicional todavía.

Los spren aparecen cuando algo cambia: cuando aparece el miedo, o cuando empieza a llover. Son el corazón del cambio, y por tanto el corazón de todas las cosas.

Los spren son fragmentos de los poderes de la creación que han adquirido conciencia a través de la influencia de los seres sapientes de Roshar.[2] Son muy variados en apariencia, características y niveles de inteligencia.[3] Están profundamente conectados con los Caballeros Radiantes, ya que el vínculo Nahel entre humanos y spren es lo que permite a los humanos acceder a la potenciación.[4] También se utilizan para la creación de fabriales.[5]

Los spren son mucho más amplios y numerosos que otras entidades con los que los podemos comparar, como los seones y los skaze, astillas de Devoción y Dominio respectivamente. Este es uno de los motivos por los que Roshar no tiene el mismo problema con los viajes al Reino Cognitivo que Sel, ya que a pesar de que la Esquirla de Honor está Astillada, como también ocurre con las Esquirlas de Sel, en Roshar los spren actúan como una «válvula de escape» para el poder incontrolado de Honor.[6]

Características

No dormimos y no comemos. Creo que a lo mejor nos alimentamos de los humanos, en realidad. De vuestras emociones. O de que penséis en nosotros, tal vez. Parece todo muy complicado. En Shadesmar podemos pensar por nosotros mismos, pero si vamos a vuestro reino, necesitamos un vínculo humano. De lo contrario, somos casi tan tontos como esos glorispren.

Sylphrena sobre la naturaleza de los spren[7]

Definición

Para los rosharianos, el término «spren» tiene una aplicación muy amplia. Entidades como las Esquirlas, sombras cognitivas otros seres de más allá del Reino Físico serían considerados spren por los rosharianos.[8][9] Entre ellos están los aspectos cognitivos de los objetos. Estos aspectos cognitivos se basan en la forma en que los objetos son vistos por las entidades circundantes y en el tiempo que llevan siendo como son actualmente.[1] A estos «spren» se les puede hablar en el Reino Cognitivo y sobornarlos con luz tormentosa, que es la base del Moldeado de almas.[10] En Shadesmar, suelen tener la forma de pequeñas cuentas, parecidas a las esferas que sirven como moneda de Roshar. Una persona hábil puede «manifestar» una cuenta, haciendo que tome la forma de su equivalente física.[11]

Sin embargo, en el sentido más estricto, los spren son Astillas de una o más Esquirlas, y un solo spren está formado por uno o más tipos de Investidura. La mayoría de los spren son Astillas de Honor y Cultivación, o una mezcla de ambas que se decanta más por una Esquirla o otra.[12] Se dice que existen miles de tipos diferentes de spren, y cada uno recibe el nombre de un tipo de fenómeno diferente.[13] TSu tamaño varía enormemente, siendo el más pequeño del tamaño de la uña de un pulgar, mientras que el más grande puede hacer empequeñecer edificios.[14][15]

Creación

Los spren suelen ser la personificación de ciertos ideales y conceptos cognitivos,[16] y como tales, surgen en el reino del pensamiento, el Reino Cognitivo. En él, la Investidura libre que dejan las Esquirlas cobra vida, se moldea y recibe el conocimiento de las ideas y conceptos de la experiencia colectiva de las criaturas conscientes. Con el tiempo, esas ideas y conceptos, grabados en trozos de Investidura, se personifican como una entidad externa, convirtiéndose en spren. Todos ellos se basan en un «Ideal» del Reino Espiritual. Por ejemplo, los llamaspren se basan en un «Ideal de Fuego»."[17]

Algunos spren son anteriores a la llegada de Honor y Cultivación a Roshar, e incluso a la Fragmentación. Se trata de Astillas del propio Adonalsium que este dejó atrás intencionadamente y que han alcanzado la consciencia por sí mismos desde entonces.[18] Sin embargo, estos spren siguen siendo en gran medida de Cultivación.[19] Su tendencia a la consciencia, que puede verse tanto en los spren derivados de las Esquirlas como en los derivados de Adonalsium, es el resultado de un fenómeno del Cosmere en el que la Investidura adquiere consciencia cuando se la deja libre.[20] Sin embargo, aunque existen entidades comparables en otros mundos (sobre todo seones y skaze), la gran cantidad de spren creados es exclusiva de Roshar.

TLos ideales cognitivos que crean los spren son similares a los que determinan las apariencias de los Retornados en Nalthis y la verosimilitud de las falsificaciones en Sel, y se basan en la percepción humana.[21][22]

Funcionamiento

Mayalaran, una cultivacispren ojomuerta

Los spren no necesitan dormir,[23] pero pueden morir.[24] Los spren con un vínculo Nahel pueden morir si el potenciador con el que están vinculados rompe sus juramentos hasta un punto insostenible. Sin embargo, la muerte de los spren tiene etapas, y no es necesariamente unidireccional. Si al romper sus Juramentos el Radiante aún no está en la fase en la que conseguiría una hoja esquirlada, simplemente el spren parece que desaparece.[25] Dicho spren puede ser devuelto a la vida si el Radiante vuelve a vivir por Juramentos, y los vuelve a pronunciar. Es posible que jurar el siguiente nivel de los Ideales sea una parte necesaria del proceso.[26]

En cambio, un spren que ha sido asesinado después de que su Radiante consigua una hoja esquirlada deja tras de sí una hoja esquirlada muerta, y mientras está en Shadesmar, toma la forma de un ojomuerto.[27][28] Un ojomuerto es una figura parecida a un zombi con los ojos rasgados que intenta constantemente llegar a la ubicación de su hoja esquirlada.[28] Los ojomuertos pueden revivir al menos parcialmente.[29] Mayalaran, la hoja esquirlada muerta de Adolin, recupera la consciencia durante el juicio de Adolin por testimonio en Integridad Duradera mientras está bajo un estrés emocional extremo.[29]

Como ocurre con una sombra cognitiva, se puede asesinar a un spren de forma permanente utilizando una daga de raysio con una gema de antiluz tormentosa incrustada (aunque un spren en forma de hoja esquirlada sería más resistente a ello).[30][31] Por métodos desconocidos, se puede arrastrar la forma cognitiva de un spren hasta el Reino Físico, donde el nuevo cuerpo formará espontáneamente órganos y músculos, pero el spren morirá en cuestión de minutos. El Padre Tormenta considera este acto una abominación y afirma que no debería ser posible. Crípticos y cenizaspren no pueden ser arrastrados correctamente, porque el proceso de creación de sus cuerpos da como resultado una forma física que se derrumba sobre sí misma al instante. Ishar supone que su fisiología no se ajusta a las leyes naturales del Reino Físico.[32] Estos cuerpos pueden convertirse en sinvida y ser afectados por la falsificación.[33]

Se puede cortar a los spren, y sienten dolor.[34] Se le puede «matar» al herirlos lo suficiente como para que sus mentes se rompan, conviitiéndolos en algo parecido a un ojomuerto. También se les puede cortar con una hoja esquirlada, pero eso no los matará y se reconstruirán en el Reino Cognitivo pasado un tiempo.[35] La luz tormentosa ayudará al spren a sanar más rápido.[36][37] La única forma de conservar un spren dividido es almacenándolo en mitades separadas de una gema.[38]

En Shadesmar, se ve que los spren se alimentan de las alta tormentas, volviéndose más animados y enérgicos cuando una pasa por encima de ellos.[28] Se ven atraídos por el fenómeno que les da nombre, apareciendo alrededor de la zona o de la persona afectada. Por ejemplo, alguien que está asustado atraerá a los miedospren.[39] Sin embargo, el vínculo causal entre los spren y sus nombres no se entiende del todo en Roshar, ya que se cree que algunos spren, como los putrispren, causan el fenómeno en lugar de sentirse atraídos por él.[4]

Los spren más grandes poseen la habilidad de cambiar de forma y, a menudo, de imitar tanto caras como voces.[15] También tienen la capacidad de agarrar pequeños objetos e irradiar tenues pellizcos de energía.[40] A menudo se aparecerán ante una sola persona, de la que se burlarán y con la que jugarán.[41] Algunos unkalaki poseen la habilidad de ver a estos spren, incluso si el spren en cuestión se revela explícitamente ante ellos. Estas personas reciben el nombre de alaii'iku en el idioma unkalaki.[42]

Los spren pueden combinarse, de forma parecida a las Esquirlas.[43] Algunos spren también están relacionados con el fenómeno físico del colapso de la función de onda, lo que significa que se pueden establecer las dimensiones de ciertos spren simplemente por el hecho de medirlos.[44] Los spren se dan cuanta cuando son observados y cambiarán en función de la percepción individual.[45]

Clasificación de los spren

Distintos tipos de spren menores (y un alcanzador), como se ven en Shadesmar

A pesar su variedad es casi infinita, todos los spren pueden clasificarse en varios grupos.

Spren de la naturaleza y emocionales

Los spren que comúnmente encontramos en Roshar se clasifican en spren de la naturaleza y spren emocionales.[2] Los spren emocionales se ven atraídos por sensaciones como la ira, la alegría o la pasión, y están formados por más de Honor que de Cultivación. Los spren de la naturaleza se ven atraídos por fenómenos naturales como el viento, la putrefacción o la lluvia y hay en ellos más de Cultivación que de Honor.[46] Los spren emocionales reaccionarán a la alomancia emocional.[47]

A pesar de que por lo general los spren menores son invisibles, se dice que siempre están presentes y que surgirán cerca del fenómeno que les da nombre.[48] Algunos spren son más fáciles de encontrar que otros, pero en ocasiones puede suceder que incluso los más frecuentes no se manifiesten.[15] En Shinovar, todos los tipos de spren son excepcionalmente raros.[49][50] Además, se dice que los spren emocionales rara vez aparecen elas reuniones con mucha gente, incluso cuando las emociones son intensas.[51]

Spren menores

The vast majority of all spren are non-sapient; these are called the lesser spren, or subspren.[8] Although some can speak, talking with them is generally an exercise in futility, which leads to people ignoring them a lot of the time.[41] Spren of the same sub-type are essentially the same individual, with no differences between any two entities.[52] They are capable of forming a bond with humans, though it is different from the Nahel bond of true spren.[53] As creatures of nature, spren are not particularly concerned with good and evil.[54]

Lesser spren vary in how much they appear in the Physical Realm. Some, like windspren, exist almost entirely in the Physical, having next to no imprint on Shadesmar. By contrast, others exist mostly in Shadesmar, with only parts of them, like tongues or drool, visible in the Physical.[55] There are also spren like mandras (luckspren), who will often and easily switch between existing in the Cognitive and the Physical. In Shadesmar, this phenomenon is called "dropping", as the spren appears to drop out of existence, and then drop back in.[11]

True Spren

There are no foolish oaths. All are the mark of men and true spren over beasts and subspren. The mark of intelligence, free will, and choice.

—The Stormfather on what separates sapient from sentient beings[8]

In contrast, spren that do possess sapience are referred to as true spren.[8] They seem to all represent higher concepts, such as honor for honorspren and truth and lies for Cryptics. Nine types of true spren bond with humans to grant them Nahel bonds and thus, the power of Surgebinding; however, there might be more types of sapient spren.

While true spren can transition into the Physical Realm, they do so rarely, and only when seeking to bond a prospective Knight Radiant. This is because transition between the Realms leaves holes in their memories and impairs their cognitive functions in some ways.[56] Even after forming a bond, moving too far from their bonded Surgebinder will cause the spren's mental capacity to degrade once more.[57][7]

Once the true spren make the transition, they cannot affect the Physical Realm in any but the most minor ways.[56] While in Shadesmar, most sapient spren have a humanoid shape and size, in the Physical Realm they usually take on a smaller and simpler form.[2]

In Shadesmar, true spren have their own culture, politics and nations; though the Cognitive Realm was created by creatures of the Physical, it is spren who shape and rule it.[3] Some spren, like Cryptics or highspren, have nation-states, composed wholly of spren of their own kind;[58][59] others, like honorspren, seem to rule a nation of their own, but also allow other types of true spren to live with them.[60] There are also city-states such as Celebrant, where various spren live together.[61]

Glys, a corrupted mistspren

Odium's Influence

Lesser spren can be corrupted by Sja-anat, a process which she refers to as "enlightening".[62] Such corrupted spren will appear to be misshapen compared to their regular counterparts, with various parts of them exaggerated to a more painful degree -- for example, a hand becoming more wiry and bony, or petals turning into shards of glass.[63][64]

Separately, there exist voidspren, spren made up of the essence of Odium. The lesser voidspren are, like their native Rosharan counterparts, non-sentient. They can, however, form bonds with singers, granting them Regal forms, which often include supernatural powers and a change in mindset in the singer.[65]

Some spren of Odium are also sapient, making them true spren. Unlike their Honor- and Cultivation-aligned kin, sapient voidspren are capable of retaining their higher functions in the Physical Realm without bonding a person.[66] Those spren are usually imprisoned on Braize, along with the rest of Odium's forces, but they are capable of escaping and traveling to Roshar.[67] They tend to look like small Shin humans, and have colors such as yellow or red.[66][67] Whether sapient voidspren are capable of granting powers to other creatures is uncertain.

Sja-anat has also gained the ability to corrupt true spren -- something she was unable to do in the past Desolations.[63] Spren corrupted by Sja-anat undergo the same type of physical change as the lesser spren.[68] They can still form Nahel Bonds, although the bond will behave somewhat differently in a manner that remains poorly-understood. Notably, the corruption does not force the spren to turn to Odium.[69]

Unique Spren

There are a small number of spren that are one of a kind, with no other like them in the world. Those include the native spren of Roshar, such as the Nightwatcher, the Stormfather, Cusicesh, and the Sibling, as well as the nine great spren of Odium called the Unmade. Each of them appears to have a unique power or ability -- for example, the Nightwatcher can grant boons and banes, Moelach can induce Death Rattles, and the Stormfather commands the highstorms. The intelligence of unique spren varies greatly -- while some have almost humanlike minds, others are animalistic and act more as forces than they do as people.[70] The former are capable of communicating with humans, and picking who can and cannot hear them.[71]

At least some unique spren can be bonded. Bondsmiths gain their powers from such bonds, with the Stormfather being one of the three great Bondsmith spren.[72][73] Some Unmade also bond with people -- Yelig-Nar grants the use of all ten Surges to whomever swallows a gem containing him, and Re-Shephir attempts to displace a Nahel Bond.[74][75] Whether an Unmade can become a Bondsmith spren is unknown at this point in time.

Symbiotic Relationships

Some types of spren exist in symbiotic relationships with various other creatures living on Roshar.[76] In most cases, such a relationship is facilitated by a gemheart, a crystal inside a creature's body that allows them to house the spren.

Bonds With Animals

Large animals, most notably the greatshells, utilize spren bonds to grow to enormous sizes that would not be otherwise possible. There seem to be two types of spren facilitating this -- an unknown type living in their gemhearts, and mandras, which decrease the pull of gravity on their bodies.[77][11] Skyeels also form bonds with mandras, which allow them to outright fly despite not having wings.[11]

Non-crustacean creatures forming spren bonds include the Ryshadium, a breed of horses which have evolved to attract some type of spren -- most likely musicspren.[78] This bond is the possible reason for the Ryshadium's unusually high intelligence, as well as their prodigious strength and other adaptations to Rosharan environment.[79][80] The "magic fish" of the Purelake are another example of Rosharan fauna forming symbiotic bonds with spren.[76] Eating the fish grants numerous benefits, ranging from medicinal, like curing aches, to outright supernatural, like predicting when someone will come to visit or locating missing persons.[15] Whether or not the Ryshadium and the fish have gemhearts is unknown.

Singer Forms

Singers can attain different forms by taking a spren into their gemheart during a highstorm.[81] Each such form comes with a slightly different physical shape, and even different biology -- for example, only mateform, slaveform, and possibly dullform are capable of reproducing, while warform is taller and more muscular, with ridges and natural plating to protect its wearer.[82][83]

Such bonds are formed only with non-sentient spren, and once the singer changes a form, the spren is released from the gemheart, unharmed.[84] When the bond is formed with a lesser voidspren, the singer gains a Regal form.[65]

Nahel Bond

Each Order of the Knights Radiant forms a Nahel bond with a different type of true spren.[85] This bond is similar in nature to the bond between a seon and its master, albeit unlike a seon bond, a Nahel bond grants numerous benefits to both parties.[86] The spren gains the capacity to retain higher mental functions while bonded; their partner gains access to Surgebinding.[4] Though historically, only humans could become Surgebinders, during the True Desolation some spren have managed to form a Nahel Bond with a singer, although how this changes things is unknown.[87][88] It's theoretically possible for someone to bond multiple spren, although this would require a lot of upkeep on the bondee's side in an effort not to break the rules of either bond.[89]

Each Nahel Bond grants access to two Surges, with every Surge shared between two orders.[90] Surgebinders that are organized into proper Orders, rather than acting on their own, are known as Knights Radiant.

The bond between a Knight and their spren can be strengthened by verbally or mentally stating certain Ideals or ideas related to their Order. Once the bond has strengthened to a certain point, the spren gains the ability to become a Shardblade when needed.[26] A sword is the base form for a Shardblade, since they were fashioned after the Honorblades, but they can become any shape their Knight needs, such as a spear, hammer, or shield. While in a Shardblade form, the spren can communicate with their Surgebinder through their mind.[91]

Spren known to facilitate Nahel Bonds include:

Bondsmiths powers are granted by three unique spren; the Stormfather,[72] the Nightwatcher, and the Sibling.

Notable Radiant Spren

Known Subtypes

Lesser Spren

Agonyspren

Agonyspren, like upside-down faces carved from stone, twisted and faded in and out.

Agonyspren, a much rarer spren drawn to a person’s agony and suffering, appear as upside down faces carved into stone.[97]

Alespren

Alespren

Test successful. Have noted spren who appear only when one is severely intoxicated. Appear as small brown bubbles clinging to objects nearby. Further testing may be needed to prove they were more than a drunken hallucination.

Axies the Collector[15]

A rare type of spren that appear only in Iri. They are occasionally seen by people who are under the influence of alcohol. They look like small brown bubbles that cling to objects close to the observer. They were given the name "alespren" by Axies the Collector, a scholar who studies spren, after considering the name "intoxicationspren". The locals refer to them as sudspren.[15] They may also be called winespren.[14]

Axies theorized their existence, but was only able to observe them once, leading him to doubt whether they're real. As there are other stories of people seeing them, their existence is likely.[15]

Angerspren

Vamah was watching them stand there, and his expression was as thunderous as a highstorm, angerspren boiling up from the ground around him like small pools of bubbling blood.

—The Way of Kings: Chapter Fifteen[98]

A common type of spren that appear around people experiencing anger. They generally, have the appearance of pools of boiling blood bubbling up from the ground around the feet of the angry individual.[98]

Among the listeners, angerspren have the appearance of bolts of lightning that radiate out from the feet of the angry individual.[99][100]

In Shadesmar, they have an unspecified appearance but make a loud screeching noise similar to sheets of steel grinding against each other when attracted.[101] Angerspren are said to be "nasty" and very dangerous even to other spren. The pools of boiling blood seen in the Physical Realm are actually saliva drooling from their mouths.[55]

Anguishspren

Certainly there were painspren appearing in droves in the room, even a few rare anguishspren, like teeth growing from the walls.

A rare type of spren drawn by anguish and extreme loss. They appear similar to human teeth.[102]

Anticipationspren in Shadesmar

Anticipationspren

A few anticipationspren—like red streamers, growing from the ground and whipping in the wind—began to sprout from the rock and wave among the soldiers.

—The Way of Kings: Chapter Six[40]

A common type of spren that appear around people looking forward to something, or who are nervous about something. They appear as red streamers that grow out from the ground and blow in the wind. They often appear around soldiers directly before a battle.[40]

The streamer that appears in the Physical Realm is actually the tongue of the anticipationspren. The spren itself has a round bulbous body and is about the size of a human toddler. It will open its mouth and stick its tongue in the air when near feelings of anticipation.[62]

Anxietyspren

A few anxietyspren, like twisting black cross shapes, appeared around Rysn.

—Dawnshard: Chapter One[103]

A type of spren attracted to feelings of anxiety or worry. They look like twisting black crosses.[103][104][105]

Awespren

A single awespren, like a ring of blue smoke, burst out above him, spreading like the ripple from a stone dropped in a pond. Shallan had seen such a spren only a handful of times in her life.

—Words of Radiance: Chapter 78[106]

A very rare type of spren that appear around people who are very awestruck. They take the form of a ripple of blue smoke spreading slowly outwards.[106] They usually appear above and around the awed person's head, like a halo.[107][8] Most of the time, only a single one can be seen at once, though a whole group of people can attract several.[108]

Bindspren

He thought he could faintly make out tiny spren, dark blue and shaped like little splashes of ink, clustering around the place where the rock met the wall.

—The Way of Kings: Chapter Fifty-Seven[4]

Spren that appear around objects bound with a Full Lashing. They appear as small splashes of dark blue ink. Their relationship to the Lashings is not fully understood -- Kaladin believes they are what hold the objects together, while Sylphrena disagrees, saying they could be attracted to the Full Lashing Kaladin had created.[4]

Captivityspren

It appears I'll have another chance to search for captivityspren.

—Axies the Collector[15]

A type of spren theorized by Axies to appear around people in captivity. Despite being imprisoned numerous times he has never observed them, leading him to doubt their existence.[15] However, while imprisoned, Kaladin sees strange spren like taut wires crossing before him, which have been confirmed to be captivityspren.[109][110]

It's possible that rather than being attracted to the state of being imprisoned, captivityspren are attracted to the feelings of being trapped. This would explain why Axies, who sees being in prison as an opportunity, never witnesses any, while Kaladin's degrading mental state in prison summons several.

Coldspren

A type of spren mentioned in Navani's notebook. They can be captured in gems of a certain cut and used in fabrial machines.[111] They look like spikes growing around the affected person's feet.[112]

Urithiru is covered in hundreds of coldspren.[113] It's unclear whether they're attracted to low temperatures or the sensation of being cold.

Concentrationspren

Concentrationspren rippled in the air like waves overhead.

—Oathbringer: Chapter 53[114]

A type of spren that looks like ripples in the air, similar to a drop in the pond, although without the pond.[115][107] They are rare in Alethkar, but can be found in Urithiru and Tashikk.[114][107] They most commonly appear around people who are deeply focused on their task.

Creationspren

Her drawing gathered about a half-dozen of them, pulling them by her act of creation just as a bright fire would draw flamespren.

—The Way of Kings: Chapter Seven[48]

An uncommon type of spren that appear around creative acts such as painting or drawing. They are of medium-size, about finger-length, and glow with a silvery light. They take the form of objects they have recently seen, but move them in odd ways, such as a table that rolls like a wheel.[48] In the Cognitive Realm, they appear as small swirling shapes that change colors, and evoke impressions such as faces.[116]

When drawing, the more skilled one is, the more likely creationspren are to appear.[48]

Singers bond a creationspren to enter artform.[117] Additionally, creationspren form Lightweaver Plate.[118]

Deathspren

Deathspren

Only the dying could see deathspren. You saw them, then died. Only the very, very lucky few survived after that. Deathspren knew when the end was close.

—The Way of Kings: Chapter Thirty-Eight[119]

A type of spren that appears only to people near death. Very few people survive after seeing deathspren - due to this rarity some consider them not to be real.[120] They look like black, many-legged, fist-sized creatures, with glowing red eyes that leave trails of light when the deathspren moves. They whisper with voices like paper being torn.[119] Lirin said that deathspren are repelled by water.[121] Deathspren are sometimes referred to as a euphemism for dying.[122]

It's possible that deathspren have a more direct effect on the dying than simply being attracted to them, as Syl strives to protect Kaladin from them when he's close to death.[119]

It is also possible that only the dying can see the deathspren because they can temporarily see into the other Realms (either Spiritual or Cognitive); when Kaladin sees Syl defending him from the deathspren, she appears differently than before, as a solid figure of glowing light as opposed to her normal translucent manifestation in the Physical Realm.[119]

Decayspren

I didn't know men got this old. You sure he's not decayspren wearing a man's skin?

—Sylphrena to Kaladin[52]

A type of spren referenced by Sylphrena.[52] It appears that they are attracted to things that have been abandoned or neglected, as well as rotting food.[123][124] They look like barnacles, and usually appear in large numbers, huddling close together.[123]

Exhaustionspren

She noticed something sweeping through the air above her. She cringed, looking up to find large, birdlike creatures circling around her in Shadesmar. They were a dark grey and seemed to have no specific shape, their forms blurry.

—Words of Radiance: Chapter Eleven[125]

A type of spren that appear around exhausted people. In the Physical Realm, they appear as brown-colored jets of dust shooting up in the air.[9][126] In Shadesmar, they seem indistinct yet also large and birdlike.[125]

Fearspren

Fearspren—wiggling and violet—sprang up through the wood and wriggled in the air.

—The Way of Kings: Chapter Six[40]

A common type of spren that appear around people experiencing fear. In the Physical Realm, they look like small, violet globs that crawl up from out of the ground and gather around the feet of the fearful.[39] They seem to be attracted to the highest concentration of fear in an area; people experiencing less fear will fail to attract fearspren.[127] In Shadesmar, fearspren appear as large eel-like creatures with multiple stumpy legs, ridges on their backs, and long, globby purple antennae: the antennae appear to be the part that visually manifest in the Physical Realm.[128][129]

Among the listeners, fearspren look like long purple worms.[130] This is probably because they can see the entire antenna and not just the tip which humans see.

Fermentationspren

A type of spren related to fermentation.[131]

Flamespren with some spheres

Flamespren

...instead watching a pair of flamespren dance along one of the logs. These seemed vaguely human, with ever-shifting figures.

—Oathbringer: Chapter Thirty-Six[132]

A common type of spren that appear around and in fire. They look like tiny humanoid figures made of congealed light.[39][132] They will often dance around, constantly changing in size, shape, and luminosity like the flames themselves.[44]

The ardent Geranid was studying flamespren when she discovered that if she measured them, the spren seemed to be "stuck" by that measurement.[44] This is similar to the physical process of wave-function collapse in quantum mechanics.

Flamespren are attracted to ruby Polestones, and are the easiest to split, making them commonly used in conjoined fabrials.

Gloomspren

Long, grey, like a tattered streamer of cloth in the wind. It wound around him, fluttering.

—Oathbringer: Chapter Five[133]

A rare type of spren that looks like a grey streamer, seemingly attracted to the feeling of resignation or deep sadness. Syl's aunt hunts them in a manner similar to a greatshell hunt.[133]

Gloryspren surrounding Dalinar

Gloryspren

Below, his men cheered, sending up calls that rose above the Parshendi war chant. Gloryspren sprouted around him.

—The Way of Kings: Chapter Sixty-Five[134]

A type of spren that appear around people when they experience pride in their accomplishments. In the Physical, they look like as golden orbs of translucent light,[135] while in the Cognitive, they take the form of avian-like creatures with bulbous bodies, long wings, and flowing tails, with a golden ball for a head.[7]

A large number of gloryspren appeared around Dalinar right before he summoned Honor's Perpendicularity at the Battle of Thaylen Field however when he summons it later on, they do not appear.

Gravitationspren

A type of spren that represents the power or force that causes things to fall. Zen-daughter-Vath sometimes found them around heavy objects.[2] Singers can bond them to enter workform.[136] It is possible that they are the same as gravityspren.

Gravityspren

A type of spren mentioned in Navani's notebook. They can be captured in gems of a certain cut and used in fabrial machines.[111] They are possibly another name for groundspren, luckspren, or gravitationspren.

Groundspren

A type of spren to which Rosharans attribute the pull of gravity.[13]

Heatspren

A type of spren mentioned in Navani's notebook. They can be captured in gems of a certain cut and used in fabrial machines.[111] It's unknown whether this is a scientific name for a flamespren, or a different creature entirely.

Hungerspren

As he spoke, he attracted a few hungerspren. They looked like brown flies that flitted around the man's head, almost too small to see.

—The Way of Kings: Chapter Two[41]

A type of spren that appears around people experiencing extreme hunger. They appear as tiny brown flies that flit around the hungry person.[41]

Joyspren

Joyspren rose around her, like blue leaves that started at her feet then moved up in a swirl before flaring out above her as if in a blast of wind.

—Words of Radiance: Chapter Twenty-Eight[137]

A relatively rare type of spren, usually accompanied to intense feelings of happiness or accomplishment.[138] In the Physical Realm, they take form of a blue leaves or petals that rise around a person in a flutter, circling them or trailing behind as the person moves.[8][139] In Shadesmar, they appear as a spinning cyclone of color.[45]

Laughterspren

A few laughterspren—minnow-like silver spirits that darted through the air in circular patterns—began to zip about them.

—The Way of Kings: Chapter Fourteen[23]

A type of spren that appears in the presence of laughter. They have the appearance of small, silver minnows that dart in circular motions around those who are laughing.[23]

Lifespren

A few lifespren—tiny, glowing green specks—floated around the shalebark mounds. Some danced amid the rifts in the bark, others in the air like dust motes zigzagging up, only to fall again.

—The Way of Kings: Chapter Thirty-Nine[140]

A common type of spren that appears around plantlife, particularly just after highstorms. They look like motes of glowing green dust, or swarms of tiny, translucent insects.[141] In the Cognitive Realm, they look very similar, but they have tufts of white hair that ripple as the lifespren move.[101] Singers view them as having white spines in addition to the glowing green mote,[142] and can bond them to enter mateform.[143] They can be used along with Stormlight and music (specifically one of the Rhythms) to make plants grow faster; this drains Stormlight and can crack gemstones, similar to a fabrial.[144]

Rarely, lifespren may appear in particularly populated areas.[145]

Logicspren

There were said to be logicspren—in the form of tiny stormclouds—who were attracted to great arguments...

—The Way of Kings: Chapter Seven[48]

A rare type of spren that appear around good and well-thought-out arguments. They take the appearance of tiny stormclouds.[48][146] They seem to be quite rare, although they can often be seen in Azir.[147]

They are used to create fabrial clocks, and affect timing, similar to Aon Ene.[148]

In addition to this, they also make up the Shardplate of Elsecallers.[149]

Luckspren

A type of spren that flies around skyeels and some greatshells. In the Physical, luckspren have the appearance of tiny, blue, arrowhead-like fish that dart around the skyeel in the general direction of its travel. It is commonly believed by Rosharans that they allow the skyeel to fly in some manner, but the accuracy of this belief is not known.[150][151] Larkin and other greatshells bond to luckspren as they grow,[152] allowing them to reach much larger sizes without being crushed than would otherwise be physiologically possible.[77][153] Occasionally, one around a chasmfiend will drift away from the rest and disappear, briefly puffing into a plume of smoke,[154] and when a chasmfiend dies, its remaining luckspren leave in a similar way.[155][98] This does not seem to happen around other creatures, however, and the knowledge these spren are luckspren does not appear to be widespread.[98]

In Shadesmar, luckspren are known as mandras. There, they are far larger, with long, sinuous bodies and arrow-shaped heads. They are often harnessed by various spren to pull ships through the seas of beads, as there is no wind to sail on. They have a habit of "dropping out", vanishing temporarily into the Physical Realm, and then reappearing in Shadesmar, necessitating any single ship to have several mandras hitched to it.[11]

They are known as chasmspren to the listeners.[142]

Musicspren

Musicspren zipped through the air around [the drummers], the tiny spirits taking the form of spinning translucent ribbons.

—The Way of Kings: Prologue[39]

A type of spren that appear around musical performances. They have the appearance of spinning, translucent ribbons that whirl around the playing instrument.[39] A single, pure note is enough to draw at least one musicspren, if only for a short time.[156] They also seem attracted to Ryshadiums, suggesting that they might be the spren the horses bond with.[78]

In Shadesmar, musicspren closely resemble horses, with the ribbons of their Physical appearance being the mane of their Cognitive form.

A corrupted and uncorrupted painspren

Painspren

Painspren swarmed the ground, like small orange hands or bits of sinew, reaching up from the ground amid the blood of the fallen.

—The Way of Kings: Chapter Forty-Seven[157]

A common type of spren that appear around those experiencing pain. They have the appearance of sinewy, orange hands.[158] They crawl out of the ground and swarm the pained, latching on to the wounded areas.[159] Singers bond with them to enter warform.[160]

Passionspren

Passionspren, like tiny flakes of crystalline snow, floated down in the air around them.

—The Way of Kings: Chapter Sixty-One[161]

A type of spren that appears around those experiencing passionate feelings. This includes both intense love and more violent passions, like the Thrill.[161][78] In the Physical Realm, they look like small flakes of snow.[161] In Shadesmar, they are long flying spren with mustaches and graceful bodies. They have the ability to eject tiny crystalline shards that float down and vanish.[129]

Persuasionspren

So good with words. Humans are like persuasionspren. I can't speak with one of you without being changed.

Plaguespren

Have you seen any plaguespren on these refugees? If those spren get into the city, it could kill everyone.

Plaguespren are a type of spren which seem to be of recent origin, with the first known modern manifestation happening as recently as 1173 when the plague (of common cold) began in the west.[164] They appear on the bodies of people who have the plague, but their exact appearance is unknown.[163]

Rainspren in Shadesmar

Rainspren

[Rainspren] were said to be the souls of raindrops...

—The Way of Kings: Chapter Forty-Four[165]

A type of spren that appears most often during the Weeping. The have the appearance of glowing, ankle-height, blue candles that, despite seeming to melt, never grow shorter, with a single eye at the top of their body. They often stand in puddles.[165] Singers see feet on rainspren.[160]

Rainbowspren

A type of spren related to rainbows.[166]

Riverspren

[The Purelake] was filled with tiny fish, colorful cremlings, and eel-like riverspren.

—The Way of Kings: Interlude One[167]

A common type of spren that appear in bodies of water such as rivers or the Purelake. They are often described as being eel-like.[167] They are among the larger varieties of spren and have the ability to mimic faces and expressions, as well as voices, often choosing to torment people while doing so.[41]

Listeners see riverspren as having carapace.[142]

Rotspren

Rest... and keep that wound clean. We don't want to attract any rotspren. Let me know if you see any. They are small and red, like tiny insects.

—Kaladin[42]

A common type of spren that appear around infected tissue and rotting corpses.[41][168] They have the appearance of tiny red, translucent insects that gather around infected wounds.[42]

Unlike most spren, which most Rosharans believe are only attracted to their namesake, rotspren are often believed to be the cause of sickness and infection.[4] They are seen to be repelled by water and antiseptics such as Lister's oil, Knobweed sap, and Larmic mucus.[121][169]

Sailorspren

Well toss me overboard and call me a fish ... if you can see it, I guess you are a real sailor! You win the bet, then.

Sailorspren are a fake spren. These spren are described as large and yellow with tentacles and a bright red stripe on its back. New sailors are tricked into thinking that they exist and they eventually bet a lot of money, against other sailors, on the existence of sailorspren. They would then learn that sailorspren are not real.[170]

Shamespren

Spren attracted to feelings of shame or embarrassment. They look like red and white flower petals floating down to the ground.[171]

Shockspren

A rare type of spren that appear around people experiencing fearful shock (as opposed to awespren, associated with pleasant surprises).[172] The look like pale yellow triangles breaking and reforming around the person who attracted them.[173][172][174]

Snowspren

A type of spren that appear in the few snowy places on Roshar, such as the Horneater Peaks.[175]

Shallan and Adolin watching a starspren

Starspren

It was the time between moons, and so he was lit mostly by the firelight; there was a spray of stars in the sky above. Several of those moved about, the tiny pinpricks of light chasing after one another, zipping around like distant, glowing insects.

—The Way of Kings: Chapter Forty[176]

A rare type of spren that appear at night amongst the stars. In the Physical Realm appear as small points of light that chase one another like insects. In Shadesmar, starspren appear as huge, dark, long-necked greatshell-like creatures that are only visible from a certain angle. The have seven sets of wings. It trails clouds behind it, and other clouds cling to its chin giving the appearance of a beard. Pinpricks of light dot the starspren's ashen carapace, which is what is seen in the Physical Realm.[45]

They were not imagined into existence by greatshells.[177]

Stormspren

Stormspren are a variety of Voidspren. They are small red spren that look like tiny lightning.[178] Among the listeners, they are described as looking smoky[130], as well as giving off a "strange red light" and splinters of lightning.[81]

Singers can bond stormspren to attain stormform, granting them the ability to shoot red lightning.[179] They also cause the singer to be more callous and feel superior to others, and give access to Odium's Rhythms.[180]

Their color implies that they are normal spren who have been corrupted. They were not originally of Honor, however.[181]

Stormstriders

Stormstriders are large spren[182] on glowing legs that move only during highstorms.[183] Kaladin and Shallan see one when they are in a chasm during a highstorm.[184] Dalinar also sees one while he is out in a highstorm traveling between stormshelters.[172] The name "Stormstriders" is a fan-given name that has not been canonized.

Tai-na Spren

The Tai-na of the Reshi Sea bond an unknown spren, referred to as their "soul" by their inhabitants, that allow these greatshells to grow to gargantuan sizes.[185] These "souls" will sometimes show themselves to people, and seem to be able to interact with the world and magic in some ways, such as slowing a person's fall.[186] It is uncertain whether these are the same spren bonded by other greatshells or not, but Axies the Collector believes the "souls" must be more "spectacular" than the others.

Wavespren

Wavespren danced atop the tips of whited caps across a field of shimmering blue.

—Dawnshard: Chapter Five[187]

These spren are four-legged with smooth skin and large eyes[188]. They are found in the ocean, and have been seen splashing into the air after the collision of two waves[189] as well as riding waves on the beach.[188]

Windspren

Windspren were devious spirits who had a penchant for staying where they weren't wanted...

—The Way of Kings: Chapter Two[41]

The windspren themselves were entranced by you, Brightness Shallan, and led us here!

A common type of spren that appear in the presence of wind. As one of the larger types of spren, windspren are able to change their appearance at will, though they often appear as ribbons of light.[41] The leading edge of a highstorm is home to thousands of them.[190] They are also common at the tail of a highstorm, as if chasing after it.[191] They are a rare sight in Shadesmar, as they spend almost all their time in the Physical Realm. A windspren in Shadesmar is described as a pinprick of light trailing a long luminescense behind it, moving much like it would in the Physical Realm.[60] Windspren also seem attracted to Radiants moving particularly fast, such as Windrunners and Edgedancers utilizing Gravitation and Abrasion.[192][193]

Windspren are closely related to honorspren, such as Sylphrena.[194] This is evidenced by their ability to stick things together,[41] making use of a rudimentary version of the Surge of Adhesion.[195] They generally use this ability to play pranks on people, doing things like sticking shoes to stone or sticking shoelaces together to cause someone to trip.[63] Additionally, windspren form Windrunner Plate.[196] Kaladin Stormblessed occasionally attracts windspren, and has been able to control them-and by extension, the wind itself-on at least one occasion; it is unclear if this is unique to him or if any Windrunner can do it.[66]

Singers bond windspren to use nimbleform.[197]

True Spren

All true spren are created by Honor and Cultivation.[198]

Ashspren

A type of sapient spren that forms Nahel Bonds with the Knights Radiant Order of Dustbringers, granting them their powers.[199] Ashspren grant the Surges of Division and Abrasion. In Shadesmar, they have a humanoid form with ash-white skin that falls away when the ashspren moves, revealing bones underneath before quickly growing back.[61] In the Physical Realm, they manifest as branching patterns of fire that appear to burn through the air or across the surfaces of objects, leaving behind illusionary cracks but not actually damaging their medium. They seem to have the ability to hide from both other humans and other spren.[199]

They seem to be fond of destroying the things around them.[96]

Cryptics

Also known as liespren, Cryptics are a type of sapient spren that forms Nahel Bonds with the Knights Radiant Order of Lightweavers, granting them their powers.[2] Cryptics grant the Surges of Transformation and Illumination.[90] They represent fundamental mathematical laws of nature, and truths that explain the fabric of existence.[62]

In Shadesmar, they have the appearance of figures in robes that hang stiffly, as if made of glass rather than fabric. Instead of heads, they have a floating symbol full of impossible angles and geometries.[200] There, Cryptics reside in a single city-state, and do not wish to expand.[59] In the Physical Realm, Cryptics take the shape of a complex and constantly shifting geometric pattern slightly raised off a surface or object.[2] They can also manifest as a floating three-dimensional mass of twisting lines.[201]

Cultivationspren

A type of sapient spren that forms Nahel Bonds with the Knight Radiant Order of Edgedancers, granting them their powers, which include the Surges of Abrasion and Progression.[95] They appear in the Physical Realm as a growing vine with crystals, while in Shadesmar they take a form of a humanoid seemingly made out of thickly-bound, thin vines and pieces of crystal.[56] They are generally considered the spren that express the purest form of Cultivation.[202]

Cultivationspren are ruled by a group of them called the Ring, which, among others, dictates which spren are to bond whom.[193] They have the capacity to let their kinsmen travel into the Physical Realm without the usual accompanying loss of mental functions.[56]

Highspren

A type of sapient spren that forms Nahel Bonds with the Knights Radiant Order of Skybreakers, granting them their powers. Highspren grant the Surges of Gravitation and Division.[90]

In the Physical Realm, highspren are described as looking like black slits in reality, with white glowing stars shining through.[203] They seem to have their own settlements in Shadesmar and appear rather isolationistic, with none to be seen in places like Celebrant.[58][61] Other spren consider them to be strict and rule-bound.[199]

Honorspren

Sylphrena, an honorspren

A type of sapient spren that forms Nahel Bonds with the Knights Radiant Order of Windrunners, granting them their powers. Honorspren grant the Surges of Gravitation and Adhesion.[90] They are said to be quite "discerning" in deciding who they would bond with.[204] They are generally considered the spren that express the purest form of Honor.[202]

In the Physical Realm, they can change their forms, although in any shape, they are blue-white with a matching glow.[41] In Shadesmar, they look like humans with blue-white skin and clothes that are part of them.[128] They are noted to be highly warlike, with numerous cities and fortresses, as well as their own fleet.[199]

Inkspren

A type of sapient spren that form Nahel Bonds with the Knights Radiant Order of Elsecallers, granting them their powers. Inkspren grant the Surges of Transformation and Transportation.[90] They look like small, human-shaped figures with ink-black skin and clothing, coated in what seems to be oil, with a mother-of-pearl or prismatic quality to their look.[92] They are capable of blending into shadows.[92][2] In addition, they can change their size, but not their shape.[59]

Keenspren

"Keenspren" is a nickname for one of the types of Radiant spren, although which one has not been clarified.[205] Wyndle considers "growing a garden for keenspren" to be a comparison point for the weirdness of a conversation.[206]

Lightspren

A type of sapient spren that formed Nahel Bonds with the Knights Radiant Order of Willshapers, granting them their powers. Lightspren grant the Surges of Transportation and Cohesion. In the Physical Realm, they appear as glowing balls of light.[88] In Shadesmar, they appear as humans with metallic bronze skin and holes for pupils, like living statues. There, they are also known as Reachers.[11]

Reachers are often guides in Shadesmar, as they like to travel to different places, trading and selling goods.[101] They have ships pulled by teams of mandras, inlaid with lines of copper that may serve as a medium of communication.[11]

Mistspren

A type of sapient spren that forms Nahel Bonds with the Knights Radiant Order of Truthwatchers, granting them their powers.[207] In Shadesmar, they take the form of humanoid figures made out of swirling, indistinct fog. Their faces look like porcelain masks, and they wear gloves, trousers and vests that adhere to their bodies' shape despite their seeming incorporeality,[60][207] and take the form of light reflected through the mirror while in the Physical Realm.[208]

They have at times been affiliated with honorspren, working as common sailors on their ships.[60]

Oathgate Spren

Uncorrupted Oathgate spren

We are apologetic. We have been… alone very long. We would enjoy granting passage to men again. But we cannot do that which was forbidden.

—Spren of Thaylen City Oathgate[209]

Oathgate spren reside over the Oathgates. They take the form of enormous, statue-like humanoids, many times taller than a person, wearing armor and holding fittingly large spears. They always appear in pairs, with one being mother-of-pearl shimmering white, while the other is shimmering black.[210] They act and speak in concert, with no visible differences in their opinions or demeanor.[209]

The Oathgate spren facilitate transfer between Oathgates, with any pair being able to transport anything on the Oathgate's physical platform and in its control chamber between themselves and a matching Oathgate in either Urithiru or one other city.[211] Their existence is a crucial element of the Oathgates' functionality, as an Oathgate can be rebuilt so long as the spren are left uncompromised. It appears they are bound to the eleven gemstones that are used to operate the Oathgate.[69] While the Oathgate spren can be corrupted, this does not impact their ability to send travellers to uncorrupted ones.[212]

In the past, those spren also allowed people without the Surge of Transportation to travel to and from Shadesmar; however, Honor forbade it to them shortly before his death. While the Oathgate spren are highly regretful about it, they are physically incapable of disobeying his orders.[209]

Peakspren

A type of sapient spren that forms Nahel Bonds with the Knights Radiant Order of Stonewards, granting them their powers.[213] In Shadesmar, they take the form of a humanoid figure with skin of cracked stone and molten light glowing from within.[61]

Corrupted Spren

Sketches of corrupted painspren and shamespren

The Unmade Sja-anat has the ability to corrupt spren, which she calls Enlightening. In the past, she could only corrupt lesser spren; presently, even Radiant spren and Oathgate spren are possible for her to Enlighten.[62] These corrupted spren are drawn to the same phenomena, but are different in appearance from the typical spren. Syl believes that corrupted spren can be recognized by vividly red color, though not all spren fit this description.[128]

Overall, corrupted spren seem to appear more painful, twisted and more intense -- the fire is blue-hot rather than red, streamers turn into whips, edges grow sharper and more jagged.[124][214]

  • Angerspren: instead of pools of blood, they resemble bubbling pools of tar. Upon popping, the bubbles burn red, like embers.[215]
  • Anticipationspren: instead of the typical flat streamers, they have long, thin tendrils that resemble whips or tentacles.[216][214]
  • Awespren: corrupted awespren appear as soot-black puffs.[217]
  • Exhaustionspren: they are bright red instead of their typical brown, and distorted, looking more like small red whirlwinds.[217][217]
  • Flamespren: vivid blue instead of the traditional red and orange. They appear more jagged than their non-corrupted counterparts.[124]
  • Gloryspren: take the shape of a cube instead of a globe.[63] In Shadesmar, they are described as looking bone-white and brown, with wings extending to the sides, long tresses for a tail, and golden cubes for heads.[62]
  • Hungerspren: much more rare than their uncorrupted versions, even in Kholinar.[64] They are black, and resemble the flies seen on rotting plants.[214]
  • Oathgate Spren: the corrupted spren of the Kholinar Oathgate are described as looking like stretched-out versions of people, 30 feet tall, hovering in the air. One is pitch-black and the other is red.[218]
  • Painspren: sickly green as compared to their normal orange, as well as deformed or distorted, no longer resembling human hands.[219]
  • Shamespren: resemble pieces of broken glass instead of petals.[219]
  • Windspren: corrupted windspren look a different color, being difficult to see as they are transparent, and also trail red light[124][220][221]
  • Mistspren: rather than looking like a reflected light, Glys appears as a crystalline structure dripping red glow upwards.[68] While the Progression Surge he grants appears to remain unaltered, Renarin seems unable to use Illumination and has visions of the future.[79]

Known unique spren

Unique spren are spren that are one of a kind, or at least exceedingly rare and powerful. Most of them appear to have been created, or at least heavily affected, by direct Shardic influence. They include:

Cusicesh

Also known as Cusicesh the Protector, it's one of the largest known spren to take physical form. It makes its home in Kasitor Bay, where it rises from at exactly seven forty-six in the morning every day. It takes the form of a tall column of water, topped with a face turning towards the Origin. The face is constantly changing, cycling through numerous different sets of features for ten minutes before retreating back into the water. Cusicesh also has four long feet, which it plants on the shore as it rises.[15]

Cusicesh is worshipped by the people of Kasitor, who not only set their clocks by its arrival, but have also built golden plinths at the spots where Cusicesh's feet land. However, people who are in the vicinity of Cusicesh when it appears often report a sense of fatigue after it vanishes, which may or may not be because of expectation.[15]

Cusicesh is not as powerful as the Bondsmith spren.[222]

Nightwatcher

The Nightwatcher is a splinter of Cultivation,[223] and has been raised by Cultivation akin to a child.[224] She holds court in an overgrown, fertile region known as the Valley of the Nightwatcher, slightly south of Urithiru, in the mountains of Greater Hexi.[225] Any visitor there can ask for a boon; she might bestow something that strives to fulfill that boon. However, each boon is also associated with a curse, which is not necessarily matching.[226] Boons can range from mental alterations, such as renown or skill, or physical gifts, like wealth or magical objects. However, the Nightwatcher has some problems understanding more abstract requests, like forgiveness or unchanging. For this reason, Cultivation monitors her closely, intervening if need be.[224]

The boon and curse system is known to Rosharans as Old Magic.[226]

Stormfather

The Stormfather

The Stormfather is one of the oldest entities on Roshar, having existed in some form prior to the Shattering.[227] He is the Cognitive manifestation of peoples' impression of the highstorm.[66] He exists mostly in the Physical Realm, with only a minor presence in Shadesmar.[199] He commands the highstorms that circle the planet, with the ability to choose when to send one.[228] While he generally accompanies storms, his level of power allows him to be much more omnipresent.[229] He's one of the three Bondsmith spren, granting the Surges of Adhesion and Tension.[72]

To the singers, the Stormfather is known as the Rider of Storms. At some point, he has switched sides to humans, leading to listeners feeling betrayed by him.[81] He was also changed by Honor shortly before the latter's death, providing him with more awareness, and partly merging him with Tanavast's Cognitive Shadow.[230] Dalinar's ability to open Honor's Perpendicularity might have something to do with it.[231]

The Sibling

The Sibling is one of the three Bondsmith spren and inhabits and powers the tower-city of Urithiru. They have pretended to be dormant since the Recreance, after a prolonged decline that saw many of the tower's life support systems failing, eventually forcing the Knights Radiant to abandon the city.[232][233] Stormfather asserts that the Sibling's withdrawal is tied to humankind hurting them in the past in some manner.[234]

Unlike most known true spren, the Sibling did not view themselves as male or female, and in fact found the spren's adherence to physical creatures' gender norms to be bizarre.[235]

The Unmade

We were made, then unmade.

The Unmade are a group of nine ancient spren of Odium.[211] Each of them are exceedingly massive and powerful, and each has a unique form and effect on the surrounding environment.[237] They vary vastly in not only their appearance, but also their level of intelligence, with some being mindless, while others are capable of complex thought.[88][236] Unlike most servants of Odium, many Umade have remained on Roshar after the Aharietiam, and dwell there to this day.[238]

Nergaoul

The Unmade are:

  • Ashertmarn - also called Heart of the Revel. Causes people in its sphere of influence to give into mindless debauchery and excess. Last seen in Kholinar, although it withdrew to lure Shallan into using the local Oathgate, making its current location uncertain.[63]
  • Ba-Ado-Mishram - one of the intelligent Unmade. Can connect with the singers, granting them access to Voidlight and Regal forms.[239] She has been trapped at the end of the False Desolation, and is yet to be seen in the present day.
  • Chemoarish - also known as the Dustmother.[240] Very little is known about her, as she is yet to be seen.
  • Dai-Gonarthis - sometimes called the Black Fisher. As with Chemoarish, his true nature is unknown at this point in time.[241]
  • Moelach - doesn't appear to have a presence in the Physical Realm, but causes Death Rattles in some people who die within his sphere of influence.[242] Last seen in the environs of Vedenar.[243]
  • Nergaoul - an animalistic Unmade; usually doesn't have a presence in the Physical Realm, but can take the form of a cloud of red mist with various shapes within in. Its presence causes a lust for battle known as the Thrill.[68] At the present, it has been captured and imprisoned in the King's Drop by Dalinar.[88]
  • Re-Shephir - known as the Midnight Mother. She can create Midnight Essence, monsters that mimic the creatures around them. Has been nesting in Urithiru until Shallan banishes her; her current whereabouts are unknown.[66]
  • Sja-anat - one of the intelligent Unmade, once called the Taker of Secrets. She can "enlighten" spren, corrupting them with Odium's Investiture. In the present, she appears to be unwilling to continue working with Odium, and is looking for a way to switch sides.[236]
  • Yelig-Nar - sometimes called the Blightwind.[244] He's capable of bonding with people who swallow a gemstone containing him, granting them the use of all ten Surges. Was present at the Battle of Thaylen Field, although the Fused have presumably took him back when they withdrew.[88]

Myths and Lore

Apart from the real spren, Rosharan folklore has a small number of creatures whose existence is questionable, but which are also referred to as spren. Chief among them are the Dawnsingers, which the Vorin theology teaches were servants of the Almighty, sent by him to care for mankind on Roshar.[120] In the lore, Dawnsingers are credited with bestowing numerous gifts upon humanity, including the Dawnchant, humanity's original written language, and Dawncities, a group of ancient settlements following cymatic patterns.[156][245] The ardents of Palanaeum claim that their library was constructed by the Dawnsingers.[48] It's eventually revealed, however, that the Dawnsingers aren't spren, but rather the ancient singers, the original inhabitants of Roshar.[246]

Standing in opposition to the Dawnsingers in the folklore are the Voidbringers, which in the Era of Solitude are believed to be a type of evil spren.[120] They are said to have existed in ancient times, walking the land with bodies of stone.[39] Other stories claim that the Voidbringers stalk the most violent highstorms, or that they live out in the wilderness, coming out only at night. Most tales agree that Voidbringers would eat human flesh.[191][247] Those stories appear to be inspired by different types of Odium's servants, who likely merged together into a single, nebulous entity in the public consciousness over the millennia.

Finally, there are several types of spren that the common knowledge doesn't align with Odium, but which are considered malicious nonetheless. Those include the raspings, the stormwhispers, and the nightspren, of which the last are considered to be the most fearsome and dangerous. Those spren are mostly believed in by the more traditional, rural followers of Vorinism. The more educated segment of the populace considers them to be ancient fabrications, created by the Knights Radiant past to support their dominance.[248]

Theories and Speculation

Esta página o sección usa información basada en teorías y especulaciones
Se recomienda leer con cuidado y teniendo en cuenta que la información no es necesariamente canon

Cousin spren

Each order of the Knights Radiant bonds to a different true spren, and each has been shown to attract a different kind of lesser spren in various circumstances. For example:

  • Kaladin, a Windrunner, attracts windspren on numerous occasions, most notably when fighting Szeth and when forming the "wind break" in Revolar.[91][66] Windspren are also called Syl's "cousins" several times.[249][192]
  • Shallan, a Lightweaver, has been known to gather a large number of creationspren when drawing or crafting illusions. Although this might simply be a function of her being an artist, the numbers Shallan attracts are unnatural, with hundreds surrounding her at one point.[250]
  • Lift, an Edgedancer, attracts lifespren from time to time.[251]
  • Dalinar Kholin, a Bondsmith, brings together an incredible amount of gloryspren during the Battle of Thaylen Field. Notably, people around him often draw a gloryspren or several, despite the type's supposed rarity.
  • Jasnah, an Elsecaller, is surrounded by a glow of geometric patterns for a moment during the Battle of Thaylen Field.[88] However, it has been confirmed that her Plate is formed of logicspren.

These lesser spren form the Shardplate of the relevant Radiant order.

Bondsmith spren

The only three Bondsmith spren are the Stormfather, the Nightwatcher and the Sibling.[252]

There has also been some speculation regarding whether an Unmade can form a Bondsmith bond. The most common topic of such speculation is Sja-anat, who has previously shown interest in breaking ties with Odium.

Notas

  1. a b El camino de los reyes capítulo 37#
  2. a b c d e f g Palabras radiantes capítulo 3#
  3. a b c Palabras radiantes capítulo 1#
  4. a b c d e f El camino de los reyes capítulo 57#
  5. Juramentada capítulo 33#
  6. /r/Stormlight_Archive
    Arcanum - 2013-03-11#
  7. a b c Juramentada capítulo 91#
  8. a b c d e f Juramentada capítulo 4#
  9. a b Juramentada capítulo 38#
  10. El camino de los reyes capítulo 48#
  11. a b c d e f g Juramentada capítulo 99#
  12. Skyward Denver signing
    Arcanum - 2018-11-15#
  13. a b El camino de los reyes capítulo 49#
  14. a b Vinos de Roshar
  15. a b c d e f g h i j k El camino de los reyes interludio I-5#
  16. General Reddit 2013
    Arcanum - 2013-04-02#
  17. Words of Radiance Philadelphia signing
    Arcanum - 2014-03-21#
  18. Steelheart Seattle signing
    Arcanum - 2013-10-14#
  19. Salt Lake City signing
    Arcanum - 2017-12-16#
  20. Arcanum Unbounded signing Chicago
    Arcanum - 2016-12-06#
  21. /r/fantasy AMA 2013
    Arcanum - 2013-04-18#
  22. /r/fantasy AMA 2013
    Arcanum - 2013-04-15#
  23. a b c El camino de los reyes capítulo 14#
  24. Firefight Chicago signing
    Arcanum - 2015-02-20#
  25. Palabras radiantes capítulo 69#
  26. a b Palabras radiantes capítulo 84#
  27. Palabras radiantes capítulo 87#
  28. a b c Juramentada capítulo 101#
  29. a b El ritmo de la guerra capítulo 94#
  30. El ritmo de la guerra capítulo 104#
  31. YouTube Spoiler Stream 3
    Arcanum - 2021-12-16#
  32. El ritmo de la guerra capítulo 111#
  33. FanX 2021
    Arcanum - 2021-09-16#
  34. El ritmo de la guerra capítulo 35#
  35. El ritmo de la guerra capítulo 2#
  36. El ritmo de la guerra capítulo 87#
  37. El ritmo de la guerra capítulo 90#
  38. El ritmo de la guerra capítulo 44#
  39. a b c d e f El camino de los reyes prólogo#
  40. a b c d e El camino de los reyes capítulo 6#
  41. a b c d e f g h i j El camino de los reyes capítulo 2#
  42. a b c El camino de los reyes capítulo 21#
  43. JordanCon 2016
    Arcanum - 2016-04-23#
  44. a b c El camino de los reyes interludio I-8#
  45. a b c El ritmo de la guerra capítulo 34#
  46. Writing for Charity Conference
    Arcanum - 2012-03-17#
  47. Out of Excuses 2016
    Arcanum - 2016-09-23#
  48. a b c d e f g El camino de los reyes capítulo 7#
  49. El camino de los reyes interludio I-4#
  50. Oathbringer London signing
    Arcanum - 2017-11-28#
  51. Palabras radiantes capítulo 45#
  52. a b c El camino de los reyes capítulo 17#
  53. Fantasy Faction interview
    Arcanum - 2014-04-24#
  54. Google+ Hangout
    Arcanum - 2012-04-17#
  55. a b Juramentada capítulo 95#
  56. a b c d Palabras radiantes interludio I-9#
  57. El camino de los reyes capítulo 9#
  58. a b Palabras radiantes epílogo#
  59. a b c Juramentada capítulo 47#
  60. a b c d Juramentada capítulo 108#
  61. a b c d Juramentada capítulo 102#
  62. a b c d e Juramentada capítulo 97#
  63. a b c d e Juramentada capítulo 77#
  64. a b Kholinar Spren
  65. a b Juramentada interludio I-7#
  66. a b c d e f Juramentada capítulo 31#
  67. a b Juramentada interludio I-3#
  68. a b c Juramentada capítulo 115#
  69. a b Juramentada capítulo 117#
  70. Juramentada capítulo 104 Epígrafe#
  71. Juramentada capítulo 83#
  72. a b c d Palabras radiantes capítulo 89#
  73. Palabras radiantes capítulo 44 Epígrafe#
  74. Juramentada capítulo 95 Epígrafe#
  75. Juramentada capítulo 30#
  76. a b General Signed Books 2013
    Arcanum - 2013-12-18#
  77. a b 17th Shard Forum Q&A
    Arcanum - 2012-09-27#
  78. a b c Juramentada capítulo 26#
  79. a b Juramentada capítulo 10#
  80. Arcanum Ilimitado - Sistema de Roshar#
  81. a b c Palabras radiantes interludio I-5#
  82. /r/books AMA
    Arcanum - 2015-05-19#
  83. Palabras radiantes capítulo 79#
  84. JordanCon 2016
    Arcanum - 2016-04-23#
  85. Words of Radiance Chicago signing
    Arcanum - 2014-03-22#
  86. Steelheart Chicago signing
    Arcanum - 2013-10-01#
  87. Words of Radiance Washington, DC signing
    Arcanum - 2014-03-20#
  88. a b c d e f g h i Juramentada capítulo 120#
  89. Words of Radiance signing Chicago
    Arcanum - 2014-03-22#
  90. a b c d e Tabla de potenciación
  91. a b Palabras radiantes capítulo 86#
  92. a b c Palabras radiantes prólogo#
  93. Arcanum Unbounded Fort Collins signing
    Arcanum - 2016-11-29#
  94. Palabras radiantes capítulo 88#
  95. a b Danzante del Filo (novella) capítulo 2#
  96. a b Juramentada capítulo 27#
  97. a b El ritmo de la guerra capítulo 12#
  98. a b c d El camino de los reyes capítulo 15#
  99. Palabras radiantes interludio I-1#
  100. El ritmo de la guerra capítulo 51#
  101. a b c Juramentada capítulo 93#
  102. a b El ritmo de la guerra prólogo#
  103. a b Esquirla del Amanecer (novella) capítulo 1#
  104. Esquirla del Amanecer (novella) capítulo 8#
  105. El ritmo de la guerra capítulo 7#
  106. a b Palabras radiantes capítulo 78#
  107. a b c Danzante del Filo (novella) capítulo 13#
  108. Juramentada capítulo 24#
  109. Palabras radiantes capítulo 62#
  110. General Signed Books 2016
    Arcanum - 2016-07-31#
  111. a b c First page of Navani's notebook
  112. Juramentada capítulo 8#
  113. Juramentada capítulo 12#
  114. a b Juramentada capítulo 53#
  115. Juramentada capítulo 104#
  116. El ritmo de la guerra capítulo 30#
  117. Palabras radiantes capítulo 29#
  118. YouTube Livestream 23
    Arcanum - 2020-12-17#
  119. a b c d El camino de los reyes capítulo 38#
  120. a b c El camino de los reyes capítulo 45#
  121. a b El camino de los reyes capítulo 10#
  122. El ritmo de la guerra capítulo 43#
  123. a b Juramentada capítulo 25#
  124. a b c d Juramentada capítulo 78#
  125. a b Palabras radiantes capítulo 11#
  126. Juramentada capítulo 49#
  127. El camino de los reyes capítulo 32#
  128. a b c Juramentada capítulo 89#
  129. a b El ritmo de la guerra capítulo 29#
  130. a b Palabras radiantes interludio I-4#
  131. DragonCon 2019
    Arcanum - 2019-08-29#
  132. a b Juramentada capítulo 36#
  133. a b Juramentada capítulo 5#
  134. El camino de los reyes capítulo 65#
  135. El camino de los reyes capítulo 12#
  136. El ritmo de la guerra capítulo 11#
  137. Palabras radiantes capítulo 28#
  138. Juramentada capítulo 37#
  139. Juramentada capítulo 122#
  140. El camino de los reyes capítulo 39#
  141. a b El camino de los reyes capítulo 3#
  142. a b c El ritmo de la guerra capítulo 45#
  143. El ritmo de la guerra capítulo 62#
  144. El ritmo de la guerra capítulo 15#
  145. Danzante del Filo (novella) capítulo 4#
  146. Palabras radiantes capítulo 35#
  147. Juramentada capítulo 65#
  148. Rhythm of War Preview Q&As
    Arcanum - 2020-10-21#
  149. General Reddit 2020
    Arcanum - 2020-11-24#
  150. Skyeel Illustration Description
    Inkthinker's DeviantArt #
  151. Shallan's Sketchbook: Skyeels
  152. Esquirla del Amanecer (novella) capítulo 19#
  153. Arcanum entry 183
    Falta metadatos de Arcanum.
  154. Palabras radiantes capítulo 70#
  155. Palabras radiantes capítulo 72#
  156. a b El camino de los reyes capítulo 33#
  157. El camino de los reyes capítulo 47#
  158. El camino de los reyes capítulo 1#
  159. El camino de los reyes capítulo 16#
  160. a b El ritmo de la guerra capítulo 68#
  161. a b c El camino de los reyes capítulo 61#
  162. El ritmo de la guerra capítulo 69#
  163. a b El ritmo de la guerra capítulo 1#
  164. Firefight Phoenix signing
    Arcanum - 2015-01-21#
  165. a b El camino de los reyes capítulo 44#
  166. Starsight Release Party
    Arcanum - 2019-11-26#
  167. a b El camino de los reyes interludio I-1#
  168. El camino de los reyes capítulo 27#
  169. El camino de los reyes capítulo 22#
  170. a b Esquirla del Amanecer (novella) prólogo#
  171. Juramentada capítulo 9#
  172. a b c Juramentada capítulo 19#
  173. Juramentada capítulo 6#
  174. Esquirla del Amanecer (novella) capítulo 3#
  175. Skyward Atlanta signing
    Arcanum - 2018-11-17#
  176. El camino de los reyes capítulo 40#
  177. RoW Release Party
    Arcanum - 2020-11-17#
  178. Palabras radiantes capítulo 81#
  179. Palabras radiantes interludio I-11#
  180. Palabras radiantes interludio I-8#
  181. Oathbringer London signing
    Arcanum - 2017-11-28#
  182. Legion Release Party
    Arcanum - 2018-09-19#
  183. Arcanum entry 12088
    Falta metadatos de Arcanum.
  184. Palabras radiantes capítulo 74#
  185. Arcanum Unbounded Chicago signing
    Arcanum - 2016-12-06#
  186. Palabras radiantes interludio I-3#
  187. Esquirla del Amanecer (novella) capítulo 5#
  188. a b Esquirla del Amanecer (novella) capítulo 9#
  189. Esquirla del Amanecer (novella) capítulo 11#
  190. El camino de los reyes capítulo 34#
  191. a b El camino de los reyes capítulo 4#
  192. a b Palabras radiantes capítulo 52#
  193. a b Danzante del Filo (novella) capítulo 1#
  194. /r/fantasy AMA 2013
    Arcanum - 2013-04-15#
  195. Supanova 2017 - Sydney
    Arcanum - 2017-06-16#
  196. El ritmo de la guerra capítulo 110#
  197. El ritmo de la guerra capítulo 74#
  198. JordanCon 2018
    Arcanum - 2018-04-21#
  199. a b c d e Juramentada capítulo 107#
  200. El camino de los reyes capítulo 29#
  201. Palabras radiantes capítulo 42#
  202. a b Shadows of Self Chicago signing
    Arcanum - 2015-10-12#
  203. Juramentada capítulo 98#
  204. El camino de los reyes capítulo 60#
  205. Arcanum entry 15692
    Falta metadatos de Arcanum.
  206. Danzante del Filo (novella) capítulo 6#
  207. a b El ritmo de la guerra capítulo 22#
  208. Danzante del Filo (novella) capítulo 20#
  209. a b c Juramentada capítulo 116#
  210. Juramentada capítulo 112#
  211. a b Juramentada capítulo 1#
  212. Juramentada interludio I-14#
  213. El ritmo de la guerra capítulo 26#
  214. a b c Juramentada capítulo 72#
  215. Juramentada capítulo 67#
  216. Juramentada capítulo 63#
  217. a b c Juramentada capítulo 74#
  218. Juramentada capítulo 87#
  219. a b Juramentada capítulo 62#
  220. El ritmo de la guerra capítulo 113#
  221. El ritmo de la guerra epílogo#
  222. JordanCon 2016
    Arcanum - 2016-04-23#
  223. JordanCon 2016
    Arcanum - 2016-04-23#
  224. a b Juramentada capítulo 114#
  225. Mapa de Roshar
  226. a b El camino de los reyes interludio I-7#
  227. Emerald City Comic Con 2018
    Arcanum - 2018-03-01#
  228. Palabras radiantes capítulo 83#
  229. Shadows of Self San Francisco signing
    Arcanum - 2015-10-09#
  230. Juramentada capítulo 113#
  231. Juramentada capítulo 119#
  232. Juramentada capítulo 68 Epígrafe#
  233. Juramentada capítulo 69 Epígrafe#
  234. Juramentada capítulo 111#
  235. Skyward Pre-Release AMA
    Arcanum - 2018-11-03#
  236. a b c Juramentada capítulo 84#
  237. Juramentada capítulo 89 Epígrafe#
  238. Juramentada capítulo 92 Epígrafe#
  239. Juramentada capítulo 80 Epígrafe#
  240. Juramentada capítulo 108 Epígrafe#
  241. Juramentada capítulo 113 Epígrafe#
  242. Palabras radiantes capítulo 82 Epígrafe#
  243. Palabras radiantes interludio I-14#
  244. El camino de los reyes capítulo 45 Epígrafe#
  245. El camino de los reyes capítulo 54#
  246. Juramentada capítulo 11#
  247. El camino de los reyes capítulo 43 Epígrafe#
  248. El camino de los reyes capítulo 42#
  249. Palabras radiantes capítulo 9#
  250. Juramentada capítulo 3#
  251. Danzante del Filo (novella) capítulo 8#
  252. El ritmo de la guerra capítulo 116#
A este artículo le falta información. Por favor, ayuda a The Coppermind a expandirla.

Recuerda que esto es una traducción del sitio oficial. Por lo tanto, podrás encontrar páginas en inglés si el artículo no ha sido traducido todavía. No te preocupes, que estamos trabajando para traer la versión al español a la mayor brevedad posible.

Si encuentras algún fallo, por favor, rellena el siguiente formulario para decirnos el artículo en el que lo has visto y que podamos solucionarlo cuanto antes. Si quieres ayudarnos a mantener activo el proyecto de traducción, puedes ponerte en contacto con nuestro equipo a través de este formulario .